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The history of the peasant uprisings in the 19th century Assam is synonymous with the Raij-mel. The Raij-mels had played a significant role in mobilizing peasants exclusively against the agrarian policy and the agrarian exploitation conducted by the Imperialist ruler, the feudal land holders, money-lenders, the traders and other classes of vested interest. It helped in the growth of consciousness among the masses in the 19th century. But being hard pressed by the defective revenue policy of the Government the peasants of Kamrup, Darrang and Nowgong organized through the Raij-mels for the redress of their grievances. The economic discontent aroused the political consciousness amongst the peasantry and the Raij-mels motivated them for the revolts right from Phulaguri (1861) till the revolts of Patharughat, Rangia and Lachima (1893-94). In this paper an attempt  will be made to study the role of Raij-Mels in the peasant uprising of Phulaguri.                                           

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