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Fundamental rights and directive principles of state policy of the constitution have been together described as a “conscience of the constitution”. Fundamental rights and directive principles were of common origin and both had common objectives. These have been enshrined in our Constitution to implement the ideals, achieve the goals enshrined in the preamble and to establish the welfare state. Fundamental rights represent the individual freedom where as social welfare represented by directive principles. There have been curious developments as to their relationship. The Supreme Court was initially reluctant to give any value to directive principle vis-a-vis fundamental rights. According to them both are complimentary and supplementary to each other.

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